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About Ghana

Ghana is a many-sided country which has a lot to offer. On the map you can find the 238 537 km² size-state in the middle of the West African at the Gulf of Guinea. Sharing borders with Togo in the east, Burkina Faso in the north and the Ivory Coast in the west. Ghana has a coast line of 550 km.

Ghana is divided in ten regions: Greater Accra includes the capital Accra and the sister-town Tema, Volta Region, Central Region, Western Region, Eastern Region, Ashanti Region and Brong Ahafo in the middle of the country, Northern Region, Upper West and Upper East in the north of Ghana. Each region mentioned above have its own language(s). English is the official language of Ghana.

The landscape of Ghana can briefly be divided into the coast, the rainforests in the south and the savannah in the north of the country. The mountains and hills are located in the south while the north is wide and even. Generally, one can say that Ghana posses a lot of water. The White Volta and the Black Volta are the main water bodies that unite in the north of the country and form the Volta-Lake, one of the biggest reservoirs of the world.

Being situated a bit north of the equator, Ghana is typically a tropical country. Here one does not know winter and summer but only raining season and dry season. The raining season mainly starts from April to September with heavily rains mostly experienced in June and July. During raining season humidity is very high.

As a former British colony, Ghana (formerly: Gold Coast) served as an exporter of raw materials to Europe, but also slaves to the USA. Traces of the colonial masters are still visible today: there are numerous forts and slave castles especially at the coast side which can be visited today.

In 1957 Kwame Nkrumah led the country as the first African state south of the Sahara to gain political independence. During the following decades there were several military coups which destabilised the country and also weakened it economically. In 1992 democracy was restored in Ghana. Since 1992 there have been change of governments through democratically organised elections. Elections are held in Ghana every 4 years (i.e. 1992, 1996, 2000…). Politically Ghana is one of the most stable countries on the African continent.

Recent Ghanaian governments have tried to promote programmes and projects that will lead to political, economical and infrastructural development. This to a greater extend has led Ghana being now recognised by the international community as a viable investment destination in contemporary Africa. The campaign with respect to human rights, civil rights, AIDS etc. are also being actively addressed by the government and various interest groups.

The agricultural sector employs significant number of the working population in Ghana, of which a lot are subsistent farmers. The farmers grow corn, rice, millet, yams, vegetables, fruits, plantains, cassava etc.. The production of Cocoa (the most important cash-crop: 2nd world largest producer) rare wood and most importantly raw materials like gold (9th world largest producer) contribute heavily to GNP of the Ghanaian economy. Ghana is now an oil producer after the discovery of oil in commercial quantities in 2007.

One can briefly divide Ghana in four big ethnic groups: the Akan, the Mole-Dagbane the Ewe and the Ga-Adangbe. But there are many other ethnic groups which have their own languages and traditions.

Through the different ethnic groups, Ghana is culturally very diversified. The cultural diversity among Ghanaian ethnic groups is evident in the type of food eaten, language spoken and dresses worn. However, in modern Ghana it will be erroneous to identify one ethnic group with what they eat, speak or wear. Southerners patronise the food from the north and vice versa. Religion has been a recipe for chaos in many African countries. Proudly enough Ghana is excluded from such religious conflicts, though the Ghanaian population comprises Christians, Muslims and traditional believers there has not been any real incidence of religious conflict. The pride of peace is because Ghana as a country preaches coexistence, cohesion and tolerance.

Oh! Hold on, you have so far not heard of the Ghanaian guest friendliness, the highlife/ hiplife music, the pubs with good loud music and the delicious food. Then you have got it all now. Visit Ghana and experience these yourself.

en/about_ghana.txt · Last modified: 2014/03/25 21:17 by ken